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COVID-19 Testing Latest Data and Source Details

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ALB
Albania - tests performed
2021-06-13
https://shendetesia.gov.al/covid19-ministria-e-shendetesise-asnje-humbje-jete-2224-testime-16-te-sheruar-10-raste-te-reja-ne-24-oret-e-fundit/
Ministry of Health and Social Protection
471
737014
256.537
2224
0.774
2643
0.92
0.004
231.3
Ministry of Health and Social Protection
https://shendetesia.gov.al/komunikimi-i-perditshem-per-koronavirusin/
The number of tests performed
The Albanian Minsitry of Health and Social Protection publishes daily COVID-19 reports on its [website](https://shendetesia.gov.al/category/lajme/) detailing the daily number of tests performed, which we use to construct a time series beginning [25 February 2020](https://shendetesia.gov.al/koronavirusi-mshms-asnje-rast-i-konfirmuar-ne-shqiperi/).In some early reports, the testing figures' units are unclear because the same testing figures refer to both the number of cases tested and the number of tests performed; later reports are standardised and testing figures consistently refer to the number of tests performed, so we assume that the discrepancy is due to ambiguous language and translation issues.Testing figures refer to PCR and antigen tests. Antigen tests were first reported in Albania on [8 December 2020](https://shendetesia.gov.al/covid19-ministria-e-shendetesise-2532-testime-347-te-sheruar-753-raste-te-reja-dhe-14-humbje-jete-ne-24-oret-e-fundit/). Serological tests are also performed in Albania for "screening purposes" ("për arsye depistimi"), meaning that positive results are not used to confirm cases of COVID-19, and so they are excluded from our testing figures to ensure the accuracy of our Positive Rate. In reports from 10 Nov to 6 Dec 2020, testing figures refer to the total number of tests, and specifcy the number of which that are 'for screening purposes'; in such instances, we report the difference between these two figures in order to exclude serological tests. As such, our cumulative total differs that from the total tests ('Testime totale') reported by the source.
ARM
Armenia - tests performed
2021-12-06
https://www.moh.am/#3/4624
Ministry of Health
431
2405279
810.369
3308
1.115
6437
2.169
0.06
16.7
Ministry of Health
https://twitter.com/MinHealth_Arm
The number of tests performed
The Armenian Ministry of Health reports the cumulative number of tests performed on its official Twitter account ([@MinHealth_Arm](https://twitter.com/MinHealth_Arm). Data is available from 9 March 2020.On [12 January 2021](https://en.armradio.am/2021/01/12/who-delivers-40000-rapid-antigen-tests-for-covid-19-to-armenia/), "the World Health Organization (WHO) has delivered and provided the Ministry of Health with 40,000 rapid antigen tests for COVID-19". On 12 February 2021, the Armenian Ministry of Health published a [methodological guide](https://ncdc.am/download/%d5%b0%d5%b0-%d5%a1%d5%bc%d5%b8%d5%b2%d5%bb%d5%a1%d5%ba%d5%a1%d5%b0%d5%b8%d6%82%d5%a9%d5%b5%d5%a1%d5%b6-%d5%b6%d5%a1%d5%ad%d5%a1%d6%80%d5%a1%d6%80%d5%ab-2020%d5%a9-%d5%b0%d5%b8%d6%82%d5%b6%d5%be-3/) on epidemiological monitoring, which states that these antigen tests can be used to confirm cases of COVID-19. However, it is currently unclear if antigen tests are included in the testing figures.According to the WHO's [Health System Response Monitor](https://www.covid19healthsystem.org/countries/armenia/livinghit.aspx?Section=1.5%20Testing&Type=Section), "the Minister has instructed that COVID-19 tests be conducted only by laboratories certified by the ministry, only with a doctor’s prescription and free of charge".
AUT
Austria - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://www.data.gv.at/katalog/dataset/846448a5-a26e-4297-ac08-ad7040af20f1
Federal Ministry for Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection
611
113295295
12528.408
387914
42.896
387930
42.898
0.017
57.4
Federal Ministry for Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection
https://www.data.gv.at/katalog/dataset/846448a5-a26e-4297-ac08-ad7040af20f1
The number of tests performed.
The Federal Ministry for Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection publishes a complete time series of occupancy in hospitals and test results on the "Open Data Austria" website, which includes data on the cumulative number of tests performed to date.On 12 January 2021, the Austrian government added a very large backlog of tests to its time series, related to mass testing programs conducted in the country. Because of this, the cumulative number of tests went from 3,919,571 on 11 January to 6,865,442 on 12 January. More similar additions were made later in January.The definition of the tests in this dataset was changed on 13 January 2021 to include both antigen and PCR tests. Because historical testing data was added on that date, the timeline cannot be used for continuous calculations. Like most Austrian media outlets and scientific institutions, we have therefore changed our test positive rate calculations to only include data from February 2021 onwards.Austria has been testing at a high rate: both PCR and antigen tests are available for free, regardless of COVID symptoms, and testing is compulsory for school children and for accessing many services. Due to this very high number of tests in the denominator, this results in a positive rate that is very low.
BTN
Bhutan - samples tested
2021-12-05
https://www.facebook.com/MoHBhutan/photos/a.999012646827018/4786633084731603/
Ministry of Health
502
1251152
1604.247
1358
1.741
1556
1.995
0
10881.1
Ministry of Health
https://www.facebook.com/MoHBhutan/
The number of samples tested.
The Royal Government of Bhutan Ministry of Health reports the cumulative number of samples tested in daily COVID-19 situation updates, which are posted on their [website](http://www.moh.gov.bt/national-situational-update-on-covid-19-data-as-of-24th-january-2021/) and their official [Facebook page](https://www.facebook.com/MoHBhutan/). Data is available from 23 March 2020, when 489 samples had been tested.PCR and antigen tests are reported separately, which we combine to determine the total number of samples tested. We know that testing figures refer to samples tested because it is stated explicitly in some [Facebook posts](https://www.facebook.com/MoHBhutan/posts/3245008998894027).
BGR
Bulgaria - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://coronavirus.bg/bg/statistika
Bulgaria COVID-10 Information Portal
454
6767295
981.243
27248
3.951
0.067
14.9
Bulgaria COVID-19 Information Portal
https://coronavirus.bg/
The number of tests performed.
Bulgaria's official COVID-19 information portal provides irregular updates of the cumulative number of 'tests done'.Using web archives we reconstruct the testing time series starting from 11 April 2020. We cannot say with certainty when testing began, only that the earliest observation available to us begins from 11 April 2020. For 19 April 2020, we take the figure provided in Bulgaria's [COVID-19 dashboard](https://coronavirus.bg/arcgis/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/ecacd239ee7e4fba956f7948f586af93) as no snapshot was available using web archives. The test figures provided in the dashboard match the figures provided by the information portal for all other dates available.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
CHN
China - tests performed
2020-08-06
http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2020-08/06/content_5532720.htm
National Health Commission
2
160000000
110.787
National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China
http://en.nhc.gov.cn/news.html
The number of tests performed.
The National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China has only mentioned the number of nucleic acid tests performed in entire country in two occasions. We therefore include these data points in our time series, but no data is available since 8 August 2020, and no daily number of tests can be derived.
COL
Colombia - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://www.ins.gov.co/Noticias/Paginas/coronavirus-pcr.aspx
National Institute of Health
553
28373219
553.453
48697
0.95
45453
0.887
0.057
17.5
National Institute of Health
https://www.datos.gov.co/Salud-y-Protecci-n-Social/Pruebas-PCR-procesadas-de-COVID-19-en-Colombia-Dep/8835-5baf
The number of tests performed.
The Colombian National Institute of Health reports the total number of PCR and antigen tests performed in separate dashboards on their [website](https://www.ins.gov.co/Noticias/Paginas/coronavirus-pcr.aspx). We combine these two figures to determine the total number of tests performed. Data is available from 2 June 2020, when 343,518 tests had been performed. We calculate the Positive Rate as the 7-day average of positive tests divided by the 7-day average of tests performed. To calculate the total number of PCR tests performed, we sum the "positivas_acumuladas" and "negativas_acumuladas" columns, thus excluding indeterminate and pending tests; it is unclear if the reported number of antigen tests performed includes indeterminate and pending tests. Every laboratory in Colombia must report testing data to the National Institute of Health through the SisMuestras application, according to page 19 of [this document](https://www.minsalud.gov.co/Ministerio/Institucional/Procesos%20y%20procedimientos/GIPS21.pdf]. According to Oxford University's [Coronavirus Government Response Tracker](https://github.com/OxCGRT/covid-policy-tracker/tree/master/data), government policy currently covers "individuals with specific symptoms"; "tests can also be carried out in private laboratories for those individuals who have paid private insurance and want results in the shortest period of time. See this [news report](https://www.eltiempo.com/colombia/otras-ciudades/cuanto-cuesta-hacerse-una-prueba-particular-de-coronavirus-y-donde-se-hacen-493958) about the latter."
CIV
Cote d'Ivoire - samples tested
2021-12-05
https://www.facebook.com/mshpcmu/posts/275169451310234
Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene
575
1163183
42.995
1948
0.072
2024
0.075
0.008
122.1
Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene
https://www.facebook.com/Mshpci
The number of samples tested.
Since 13 April 2020, the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene publishes the cumulative total of samples taken in a daily post on its official Facebook page. For a small number of daily updates, only the daily change is stated; in these cases, we derive the cumulative total based on the previous day's cumulative total + daily change.The updates use the words "samples taken" to describe these figures, which likely indicates that they include tests whose results are still pending.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
ECU
Ecuador - people tested
2021-11-29
https://www.salud.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Presentacion-COVID-19-SNVSPSNGR-3.pdf
Government of Ecuador
Sum of confirmados and descartados
596
1913525
106.97
2199
0.123
3373
0.189
0.096
10.4
Ecuadorian Ministry of Public Health
https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/informes-de-situacion-covid-19-desde-el-13-de-marzo-del-2020/
The number of people tested.
The Ecuadorian Ministry of Public Health publishes daily COVID-19 [situation reports](https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/informes-de-situacion-covid-19-desde-el-13-de-marzo-del-2020/) detailing the number of confirmed cases and discarded cases to date since 29 February 2020, which we combine to determine the number of people tested. Data is available from [18 March 2020](https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/11INFOGRAFIA-NACIONALCOVI-19-COE-NACIONAL-18032020-15h001.pdf), when 480 people had been tested. The number of samples tested is reported separately; the source notes that "there may be more than one sample per person during the diagnostic process" ("Cabe indicar que puede existir más de una muestra por persona durante el proceso diagnóstico").Since [27 April 2020](https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/INFOGRAFIA-NACIONALCOVI-19-COE-NACIONAL-27042020-08h.pdf) cases tested with PCR tests have been reported separately from those tested with "rapid tests" ("pruebas rapidas"; presumably referring to antibody tests). Since [6 September 2020](https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/INFOGRAFIA-NACIONALCOVID19-COE-NACIONAL-08h00-06092020-domingo_1.pdf), only cases tested with PCR tests are reported. We report the number of people tested with PCR tests.Rapid antigen tests were approved for certain scenarios in early December, according to [El Universo](https://web.archive.org/web/20210104200136/https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2020/12/08/nota/8076382/antigeno-prueba-ecuador-salud-aeropuertos-pruebas], a newspaper.According to Oxford University's [Coronavirus Government Response Tracker](https://github.com/OxCGRT/covid-policy-tracker/tree/master/data), government policy currently covers "testing of anyone showing COVID-19 symptoms".
GNQ
Equatorial Guinea - tests performed
2021-12-03
https://guineasalud.org/estadisticas/
Ministerio de Sanidad y Bienestar Social
47
260533
179.691
280
0.193
0.01
98
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
https://guineasalud.org/estadisticas/
The number of tests performed
The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare maintains a [dashboard](https://guineasalud.org/estadisticas/) reporting the number of diagnostic tests performed.
ETH
Ethiopia - tests performed
2021-12-01
https://www.covid19.et/covid-19/Home/DataPresentationByTable
Ethiopia Information Network Security Agency
572
3877539
32.895
5806
0.049
0.024
42.3
Information Network Security Agency
https://www.covid19.et/covid-19/Home/DataPresentationByTable
The number of tests performed.
The [Ethiopian Public Health Institute](https://www.ephi.gov.et) in collaboration with the [Ethiopian Ministry of Health](http://www.moh.gov.et) provides daily press releases that report the cumulative number of tests performed to date. The figures reported in these press releases are displayed in an [official dashboard](https://www.covid19.et/covid-19/Home/DataPresentationByTable) maintained by the [Information Network Security Agency](https://www.insa.gov.et/), which we use as our primary data source. The official dashboard provides testing figures since 13 March 2020. We have cross-checked a sample of the dashboard figures against the original press releases to ensure accuracy.It is unclear whether the reported figures include tests for which the results are pending.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
FIN
Finland - tests performed
2021-12-06
https://experience.arcgis.com/experience/d40b2aaf08be4b9c8ec38de30b714f26
Finnish Department of Health and Welfare
649
8105018
1460.795
9700
1.748
20011
3.607
0.064
15.5
Finnish Department of Health and Welfare COVID-19 data dashboard
https://experience.arcgis.com/experience/d40b2aaf08be4b9c8ec38de30b714f26
The number of tests performed.
The Finnish Department of Health and Welfare publishes a dashboard of confirmed cases, deaths and samples tested. The dashboard provides both daily and cumulative test numbers.Further descriptions of the testing data are provided [here](https://thl.fi/fi/web/infektiotaudit-ja-rokotukset/ajankohtaista/ajankohtaista-koronaviruksesta-covid-19/tilannekatsaus-koronaviruksesta). In this document it notes that:- "Public and private sector laboratories report to THL (health authority) the number of samples tested per hospital district"- "The actual number of infections in Finland is probably higher than reported, as not all mild symptoms have been tested so far and no information is available on the number of asymptomatic infections."- "Coronavirus testing is performed in both the public and private sectors in several laboratories."The data description notes that tests are being rationed and allocated according to the following strategy: "Samples are taken primarily from patients with severe symptoms of respiratory infection and from health and social care staff to ensure staff health and labor adequacy....Attention has also been paid to vulnerable groups of patients with some underlying disease and to those over 70 years of age."
GMB
Gambia - samples tested
2021-11-28
https://www.moh.gov.gm/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/GMB-COVID-19-Situational-Report_2021_22nd_28th_November_No-403.pdf
Ministry of Health
56
125061
50.287
222
0.089
0.001
1552.4
Ministry of Health, The Gambia
https://www.moh.gov.gm/
The number of samples tested.
The Gambian Ministry of Health maintains a [dashboard](https://www.moh.gov.gm/) reporting the number of samples tested. Data is available from 18 March 2020 to 15 March 2021.[Situational reports](https://www.moh.gov.gm/covid-19-report/) consistently state that testing figures refer to the number of samples tested. According to a [preprint](https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.12.10.20238576v1) on COVID-19 in the Gambia, posted 11 December 2020 by the official COVID-19 working group, "the standard test for COVID-19 diagnosis in The Gambia is the real-time RT-PCR", and "a COVID-19 case isany individual with a positive RT-PCR of SARS-CoV-2 from a NPS/OPS sample irrespective of symptomatology". According to [this statement](https://www.mrc.gm/termination-of-daily-covid-19-diagnostics-reports-from-mrcg-at-lshtm/), all testing in the Gambia is performed by the National Public Health Laboratories (NPHL) and the MRCG at LSHTM, and all reporting is done trhough the Ministry of Health.
GEO
Georgia - tests performed
2021-10-30
https://agenda.ge/en/news/2021/3330
Government of Georgia
79
10362860
2603.882
70358
17.679
0.055
18.2
Government of Georgia
https://agenda.ge/en/news/news
The number of tests performed
The Government of Georgia reports the daily and cumulative numbers of tests performed on its [website](https://agenda.ge/en/news/news).The reported test positivity rate is equal to the number of confirmed cases divided the number of PCR and antigen tests performed within the past 24 hours. As such, we asssume that positive results from antigen tests can be used to confirm cases of COVID-19.Note that testing figures are approximate, as they are rounded to the nearest thousand by the source.
DEU
Germany - tests performed
2021-11-28
https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Daten/Testzahlen-gesamt.xlsx?__blob=publicationFile
Robert Koch Institut
90
85712948
1021.603
273660
3.262
0.212
4.7
Robert Koch Institut
https://www.rki.de/SiteGlobals/Forms/Suche/serviceSucheForm.html?nn=2725444&input_=2375194&gts=2725442_list%253DdateOfIssue_dt%252Bdesc&resourceId=2390936&submit.x=0&submit.y=0&searchEngineQueryString=T%C3%A4glicher+Lagebericht+des+RKI+zur+Coronavirus-Krankheit-2019&pageLocale=de
The number of tests performed.
The Robert Koch Institute publishes a [spreadsheet](https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Daten/Testzahlen-gesamt.xlsx?__blob=publicationFile) that reports a time series of weekly updates of the cumulative number of PCR tests performed to date, as well as the share of tests that are positive. Where people are tested multiple times, each test will be counted individually. There appear to be reporting lags in the weekly figures, such that the reported figures for any given week increase over the following weeks as labs report additional results. Pending tests are included in the testing figures. The testing figures of up to 204 labs within the country are reported in the dataset. Data is available from the week ending 8 March 2020.Our positive rate reflects the official positive rate recorded in column "Positivenquote (%)" of the spreadsheet.On 22 October 2020, the Robert Koch Institute published an update of the [National Test Strategy](https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/Infekt/EpidBull/Archiv/2020/Ausgaben/43_20.pdf?__blob=publicationFile). This update states on page 4 that ‘antigen tests can, under certain conditions, be a useful addition to the PCR test. Antigen tests thus contribute to the further expansion of test capacity’. A [daily status report](https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Situationsberichte/Dez_2020/2020-12-02-de.pdf?__blob=publicationFile) from 2 December 2020 notes, 'this can have the consequence that the population of the tested persons differs from that of the previous weeks’, as antigen tests are used instead of PCR tests in certain scenarios, which may cause the positive rate to increase. ‘Therefore the positive rates of the previous weeks are not directly comparable with the positive rates from Week 46’. According to [this infographic](https://www.rki.de/SharedDocs/Bilder/InfAZ/neuartiges_Coronavirus/Teststrategie.png?__blob=poster&v=8) from 23 November 2020, positive results from antigen tests must be confirmed with a PCR test, and so they are not included in reported case figures. Antigen tests are also not included in reported testing figures, according to weekly status reports such as on [25 Nov 2020](https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Situationsberichte/Nov_2020/2020-11-25-de.pdf?__blob=publicationFile).For more information about how these details may impact the time series, refer to our [FAQ](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#frequently-asked-questions-about-our-covid-19-testing-dataset) on our COVID-19 testing dataset.
HKG
Hong Kong - tests performed
2021-11-30
http://www.chp.gov.hk/files/misc/statistics_on_covid_19_testing_cumulative.csv
Department of Health
25
28539548
3778.671
50247
6.653
0
16666.7
Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health
https://data.gov.hk/en-data/dataset/hk-dh-chpsebcddr-novel-infectious-agent
The number of tests performed.
The Hong Kong Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health provides monthly numbers of the COVID-19 viral tests performed. We calculate the cumulative number of tests performed each month in our series. The cumulative total begins from 1 January 2020.To calculate a positive rate for Hong Kong, we use the ["Latest situation of reported cases of COVID-19 in Hong Kong" file published by the Department of Health](https://data.gov.hk/en-data/dataset/hk-dh-chpsebcddr-novel-infectious-agent/resource/cc01597e-8a77-4c83-bb51-c76b7d93d854). The positive rate is computed as the number of cases divided by the number of tests, for each reporting period shown in the original testing data. Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
HUN
Hungary - tests performed
2021-12-08
https://atlo.team/koronamonitor/
Government of Hungary
Made available by Atlo.team
589
8250940
856.425
22156
2.3
32445
3.368
Government of Hungary
https://koronavirus.gov.hu/
The number of samples tested.
A figure for the 'number of samples tested in an accredited laboratory' is provided in a graphic in the government's COVID-19 information website. No other information about the data is provided.We use these official data as collected by the [visual and data journalism team](https://atlo.team/koronamonitor/) of Budapest-based investigative center Atlatszo, made accessible in a [public spreadsheet](https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1e4VEZL1xvsALoOIq9V2SQuICeQrT5MtWfBm32ad7i8Q/edit#gid=311133316). We have cross-checked a sample of the figures in this unofficial spreadsheet against official figures.Our data for this series is sourced from a non-official repository of official data. As explained in our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#do-you-rely-on-any-non-official-sources) we regularly audit the accuracy of this repository against direct official channels. Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source — see our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
ISL
Iceland - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://www.covid.is/data
Government of Iceland
650
769111
2239.955
3106
9.046
2106
6.134
Government of Iceland
https://www.covid.is/data
The number of tests performed.
The Icelandic Office of Public Health publishes a complete time series of tests performed, broken down into testing scheme. No other information is provided. It is not clear whether these figures include samples that are pending test results. The daily time-series data extends back to 27 February 2020.Testing figures include "Diagnostic tests", "Quarantine and random screening" tests, and "deCODE Genetics screening" tests, and exclude "Border screening 1 and 2" tests. The number of confirmed cases does not match the number of domestic infections from the types of tests included in the testing figures. We therefore remove our estimate of the positive rate.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
IDN
Indonesia - people tested
2021-12-08
https://covid19.go.id/peta-sebaran
Government of Indonesia
268
38199469
138.223
282985
1.024
216176
0.782
Government of Indonesia
https://data.covid19.go.id/public/index.html
The number of people tested.
Since early 2021, the government of Indonesia maintains a time series of COVID-19 tests on [its official data website](https://data.covid19.go.id/public/index.html).The figures reported include PCR tests, as well as rapid molecular tests (TCM) and antigen tests.
IRN
Iran - tests performed
2021-12-08
http://irangov.ir/detail/375509
Government of Iran
382
39632983
466.113
109235
1.285
108547
1.277
Government of Iran
http://irangov.ir/
The number of tests performed.
The Government of Iran provides daily press releases of the cumulative number of tests performed to date. It is unclear whether the reported figures include tests for which the results are pending.We have found testing data dating back to 5 April 2020, at which point 189,790 tests had been conducted to date. It is not clear when the first test was conducted.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
IRQ
Iraq - samples tested
2021-12-05
https://twitter.com/MOHealth_Iraq/status/1467594296975151104
Ministry of Health and Environment
516
16431593
399.025
13735
0.334
18456
0.448
0.037
27.3
Iraq Ministry of Health and Environment
https://moh.gov.iq/
The number of samples tested.
The Iraqi Ministry of Health and Environment publishes daily epidemiological reports on its [official website](https://moh.gov.iq/) and [Twitter](https://twitter.com/mohealth_iraq) reporting the daily and cumulative number of samples tested, which we use to construct a daily time series. Cumulative testing figures are available from 7 April 2020, when the total was already 26,331.According to articles published on [22 Nov 2020](https://moh.gov.iq/index.php?name=News&file=article&sid=17904) and [1 Dec 2020](https://moh.gov.iq/index.php?name=News&file=article&sid=18068), antigen tests are being conducted in Iraq. However, it is unclear if these tests are included in the testing figures, or if positive results are used to confirm cases of COVID-19.
ISR
Israel - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://datadashboardapi.health.gov.il/api/queries/testResultsPerDate
Israel Ministry of Health
657
33084437
3560.912
115516
12.433
94478
10.169
0.006
173.4
Ministry of Health
https://datadashboard.health.gov.il/COVID-19/general
The number of tests performed.
The Israel Ministry of Health maintains a coronavirus dashboard with daily-updated data. We construct a time series of the daily number of PCR tests performed from [the public API behind the dashboard](https://datadashboardapi.health.gov.il/api/queries/testResultsPerDate).
ITA
Italy - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://github.com/pcm-dpc/COVID-19/tree/master/dati-andamento-nazionale
Presidency of the Council of Ministers
Made available by the Department of Civil Protection on GitHub
652
123331813
2043.018
695136
11.515
571440
9.466
0.026
37.8
Ministero della Salute
http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=5351&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto
The number of tests performed.
The official data provided by the Ministry of Health is compiled by the Department of Civil Protection on [GitHub](https://github.com/pcm-dpc/COVID-19). Figures relate to the total number of tests performed. This figure is available for each individual region separately at the source indicated. However it appears that data is missing for individual regions for particular dates – we assume that these are also missing from the aggregate total for Italy that we provide. The list of missing data, in English, can be seen at the bottom of [this data dashboard built by Franco Mossotto](https://datastudio.google.com/u/0/reporting/91350339-2c97-49b5-92b8-965996530f00/page/RdlHB). It is clear that there are delays in timeline running up to a test being reported – both in terms of the time it takes for a symptomatic person to receive a test, and in the time for that test to then get reported in the data. For one region, Lombardy, [an investigation](https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/2003/2003.09320.pdf) found the latter delay in the early period of the outbreak to be around 3-4 days.There is significant variation in testing practices – in terms of how many tests are conducted and how they are allocated across the population – across regions and these practices have also changed over time. The extent to which tests pending results are included appears to vary across regions.Pietro Monticone and Riccardo Valperga have written a very helpful and detailed description of these data quality issues [here in GitHub](https://pitmonticone.github.io/covid-italy/owid-testing-italy.html).Since September 2020, the Italian government [has approved the use of antigen tests](http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioNotizieNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=italiano&menu=notizie&p=dalministero&id=5084) for the rapid diagnosis of COVID-19. Several people sought more information ([1](https://github.com/pcm-dpc/COVID-19/issues/917), [2](https://github.com/pcm-dpc/COVID-19/issues/960)) about the "test definition" for Italy. "Starting from the 15th of January 2021, antigen tests have become part of the statistics for all the Italian regions", according to [this paper](https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.26.21249544).Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
JAM
Jamaica - samples tested
2021-12-06
https://www.moh.gov.jm/covid-19-clinical-management-summary-for-monday-december-6-2021/
Jamaica Ministry of Health and Wellness
429
678695
228.251
530
0.178
867
0.292
0.052
19.3
Jamaica Ministry of Health and Wellness
https://www.moh.gov.jm/
The number of samples tested.
The Jamaican Ministry of Health and Wellness publishes daily press releases on [their official website](https://www.moh.gov.jm/updates/press-releases/) reporting the daily and cumulative number of samples tested, which we use to construct a daily time series. The press releases disaggregate the testing numbers into positive, negative, and pending tests, allowing us to exclude pending tests. It is unclear when testing first began; data is available from [24 March 2020](https://www.moh.gov.jm/jamaica-records-25-cases-of-covid-19/), when it was reported that 148 samples had been tested.On [20 September 2020](https://www.moh.gov.jm/jamaica-to-offer-antigen-testing-for-covid-19/), the Health and Wellness Ministry reported that antigen tests would be used to confirm cases of COVID-19, and that these tests must be reported. As such, testing figures include tests performed at all laboratories in the country.
JOR
Jordan - tests performed
2021-12-05
https://corona.moh.gov.jo/en
Jordan Ministry of Health
287
12395866
1207.113
44379
4.322
46420
4.52
0.1
10
Jordan Ministry of Health
https://corona.moh.gov.jo/en/MediaCenter
The number of tests performed.
The Jordanian Ministry of Health publishes [daily updates](https://corona.moh.gov.jo/ar/MediaCenter) reporting the number of tests performed each day, as well as the cumulative number of tests performed to date, which we use to construct a daily time series. It is unclear if pending tests, or antigen tests, are included in the testing figures.Daily testing figures are availabe from [16 April 2020](https://corona.moh.gov.jo/en/MediaCenter/1084), but it is unclear when the first test was performed. As such, we refer to the cumulative testing figures, which are available from [31 October 2020](https://corona.moh.gov.jo/en/MediaCenter/1407)For more information about how these details may impact the time series, refer to our [FAQ](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#frequently-asked-questions-about-our-covid-19-testing-dataset) on our COVID-19 testing dataset.
KAZ
Kazakhstan - tests performed
2021-06-08
https://hls.kz/
Kazakhstan National Center for Public Health
447
11965068
629.908
52729
2.776
39955
2.103
0.03
33.4
Kazakhstan National Center for Public Health
https://hls.kz/
The number of tests performed.
The Kazakhstan National Center for Public Health provides an official time series of the total number of tests performed to date. It is unclear whether the reported figures include tests for which the results are pending.The website explicitly states that "one person could be tested several times", indicating that the number of tests performed ("Проведено тестов") is not equivalent to the number of people tested. The reported number of tests performed may include non-PCR tests. [Official COVID-19 prevention guidelines](https://hls.kz/uploads/covid/%D0%9F%D0%93%D0%93%D0%A1%D0%92%20%E2%84%9636%20%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B7.docx) indicate that antibody (non-PCR) tests are an important aspect of the country's screening and diagnostic process (see pages 48-54). But the source does not explicitly state whether these non-PCR tests are included in the reported cumulative number of tests performed to date.The earliest reported figure is from 13 March 2020, at which point 126 tests had been conducted.
OWID_KOS
Kosovo - tests performed
2021-12-04
https://datastudio.google.com/u/0/reporting/c74a4234-e49a-4444-894e-7cd0b96a3114/page/tI3oB?feature=opengraph%22%2F
National Institute of Public Health of Kosovo
109
1322731
742.225
1748
0.981
1360
0.763
0.006
167
National Institute of Publish Health of Kosovo
https://datastudio.google.com/u/0/reporting/c74a4234-e49a-4444-894e-7cd0b96a3114/page/tI3oB?feature=opengraph%22%2F
The number of tests performed
The National Institute of Public Health of Kosovo maintains a [dashboard](https://datastudio.google.com/u/0/reporting/c74a4234-e49a-4444-894e-7cd0b96a3114/page/tI3oB?feature=opengraph%22%2F) reporting the number of tests performed.
LVA
Latvia - tests performed
2021-12-08
https://data.gov.lv/dati/eng/dataset/covid-19
Center for Disease Prevention and Control
Collected from the Latvian Open Data Portal
649
5360233
2871.142
11389
6.1
9300
4.981
Center for Disease Prevention and Control
https://data.gov.lv/dati/eng/dataset/covid-19
The number of tests performed.
The Center for Disease Prevention and Control publishes a timeseries of the number of laboratory tests performed to detect SARS-CoV-2 virus ("Veikto laboratorisko testu skaits, lai noteiktu SARS-CoV-2 vīrusu") on the Latvian Government's Open Data Portal. No information is given on the geographical scope and number of labs included.
LBN
Lebanon - tests performed
2021-06-23
https://corona.ministryinfo.gov.lb/
Lebanon Ministry of Health
26
4731376
698.962
14688
2.17
Lebanon Ministry of Health
https://corona.ministryinfo.gov.lb/
The number of tests performed
The Lebanon Ministry of Health maintains a [dashboard](https://corona.ministryinfo.gov.lb/) reporting the cumulative number of tests performed.According to daily [surveillance reports](https://www.moph.gov.lb/en/Pages/2/24870/novel-coronavirus-2019-#/en/Pages/2/24870/novel-coronavirus-2019-), only "Local PCR tests" and "Airport PCR test" are included in the cumulative number of tests performed figure. However, the number of confirmed cases is equal to the sum of positive PCR and antigen tests, meaning that antigen tests can be used to confirm cases of COVID-19. Excluding diagnostic tests from the testing figures misrepresents testing capacity, and so we remove our estimate of the Positive Rate.
MYS
Malaysia - people tested
2021-12-05
https://github.com/MoH-Malaysia/covid19-public
Malaysia Ministry of Health
Made available by the Malaysia Ministry of Health on GitHub
682
38687223
1180.345
95103
2.902
119217
3.637
0.042
23.9
Ministry of Health
http://covid-19.moh.gov.my/terkini
The number of people tested.
The Malaysian Ministry of Health provides [daily situation updates](http://covid-19.moh.gov.my/terkini) reporting the cumulative number of people tested, which we use to construct a daily time series. The cumulative testing figure, labelled 'Jumlah Individu Disampel', can be found in the infographic titled 'Jumlah Keseluruhan Taburan Kes COVID-19 di Malaysia'. The Ministry of Health also uploads daily press conference livestreams to their [official Facebook page](https://www.facebook.com/watch/kementeriankesihatanmalaysia/) reporting the cumulative number of positive ('Jumlah positif') and negative ('Negatif') test results, to which we refer if testing figures are not available in the daily situation updates. Pending tests are excluded from the testing figures. Data is available from [14 February 2020](https://web.archive.org/web/20200215134424/http://www.moh.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/2019-ncov-wuhan/), at which point 653 people had been tested.On 16 July 2020, the Ministry of Health released a [press statement](http://covid-19.moh.gov.my/terkini/072020/situasi-terkini-16-julai-2020/PS%20DG,%20COVID-19%20updates%20(16%20July%202020).pdf) stating that "868,394 individuals have been tested for COVID-19 in Malaysia", and that "Malaysia has conducted 1,577,417 tests (rt-PCR and RTK-Antigen). This is because there are individuals who require repeated tests." It is therefore clear that antigen tests are included in the testing figures, and that positive results can be used to confirm cases of COVID-19.It is unclear if the cumulative number of people tested repeatedly counts people who have gone through more than one round of testing over the course of the pandemic. Since we derive a count of the daily number of people tested from the change in this cumulative number, if people undergoing multiple rounds of testing are not counted repeatedly in the cumulative testing figures, then they will not appear in our daily testing figures.On 14/15 May 2020, the Director General of Health issued [daily press statements](https://kpkesihatan.com/2020/05/15/kenyataan-akhbar-kpk-15-mei-2020-situasi-semasa-jangkitan-penyakit-coronavirus-2019-covid-19-di-malaysia/), which explain that the sharp increase in testing figures during these dates was due to data consolidation efforts and an improved data collection system.For more information about how these details may impact the time series, refer to our [FAQ](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#frequently-asked-questions-about-our-covid-19-testing-dataset) on our COVID-19 testing dataset.
MEX
Mexico - people tested
2021-12-06
https://datos.covid-19.conacyt.mx/#DownZCSV
Health Secretary
706
11407435
87.573
8342
0.064
10572
0.081
0.16
6.2
Government of Mexico
https://datos.covid-19.conacyt.mx/#DownZCSV
The number of people tested.
The Government of Mexico makes several datasets available along with [its COVID-19 dashboard](https://coronavirus.gob.mx/datos/#DownZCSV). The files can be downloaded in CSV format.To arrive at the time series shown on our website, we use the CSV files for confirmed cases ("confirmados") and negative cases ("negativos"). For each file, we only keep the row that reports national data, merge the two files together, and add up confirmed and negative cases to find the number of people tested each day. We then calculate the positive rate as the 7-day sum of positive tests divided by the 7-day sum of people tested.On November 22nd, the Ministry of Health announced in a [press conference](https://www.gob.mx/presidencia/articulos/version-estenografica-conferencia-de-prensa-informe-diario-sobre-coronavirus-covid-19-en-mexico-257772?idiom=es) that antigen tests can now be used to confirm cases of COVID-19. They also established that antigen tests are now included in testing figures. A [press release](https://www.gob.mx/salud/prensa/188-prueba-diagnostica-de-pcr-garantiza-un-resultado-confiable-de-covid-19?idiom=es) on Nov 5th confirmed that antibody tests are neither used for case confirmation nor included in testing and case figures.Two pieces of evidence suggest that people undergoing multiple rounds of testing over the course of the pandemic may be counted each round: 1) Figures refer to the number of cases tested, and each case has a unique ID; and 2) The source provides the number of cases with samples tested in the past 24 hours, which matches the daily change in the cumulative number of cases tested.Data starts on 1 January 2020; we do not know if this is because tests started on that date or because earlier data is not available.
MDA
Moldova - tests performed
2021-11-12
https://noi.md/md/societate/coronavirus-in-moldova-statistica-infectarilor-pe-teritoriul-tarii-428097
Moldova Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection
53
2101912
522.341
7367
1.831
0.143
7
Moldova Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection
https://noi.md/md/societate/coronavirus-in-moldova-statistica-infectarilor-pe-teritoriul-tarii-428097
The number of tests performed
The Moldovan Ministry of Health, Labour and Social protection maintains a [website](https://noi.md/md/societate/coronavirus-in-moldova-statistica-infectarilor-pe-teritoriul-tarii-428097) reporting the total number of tests performed.According to a government [order](https://msmps.gov.md/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Ordinul-169-din-03.03.2021-Utilizarea-testelor-rapide-AG-SARS-CoV-2-1.pdf), posted on 3 March 2021, antigen tests can be used to confirm cases of COVID-19 under certain circumstances, and these tests must be reported to the Ministry.
MNG
Mongolia - samples tested
2021-12-03
https://www1.e-mongolia.mn/covid-19
Ministry of Health
294
6211949
1865.852
1777881
534.013
258503
77.645
0.002
625.9
Ministry of Health
https://www1.e-mongolia.mn/covid-19
The number of samples tested.
The Ministry of Health of Mongolia publishes daily reports on its website dedicated to the COVID-19 situation. They include the daily and cumulative number of samples tested with RT-PCR. Our current time series starts on 11 November 2020, which is the date of the first locally transmitted case in the country.
MAR
Morocco - people tested
2021-12-04
https://twitter.com/Ministere_Sante/status/1467155490387988480
Morocco Ministry of Health
634
9540962
255.483
13354
0.358
12375
0.331
0.01
101.6
Morocco Ministry of Health
https://www.sante.gov.ma/Pages/Accueil.aspx
The number of people tested.
The Morocco Ministry of Health provides [daily updates](http://www.covidmaroc.ma/Pages/AccueilAR.aspx) of the cumulative number of both confirmed cases (“Cas confirmés”) and cases excluded following a negative laboratory result (“Cas exclus suite à un résultat négatif du laboratoire”); we add these two numbers together to derive a cumulative total. We construct a time series of the cumulative total number of cases tested to date using updates from the Ministry of Health's official Twitter page ([@Ministere_Sante](https://twitter.com/Ministere_Sante)). There are usually two updates per day, of which we use the latter. Data is available from [7 February 2020](https://twitter.com/Ministere_Sante/status/1227639501432008705), at which point 9 cases had been tested.On 15 April 2020, the Ministry of Health published a [Protocol for the Management of Patients with COVID-19 and their Contacts](http://www.covidmaroc.ma/Documents/2020/coronavirus/PS/CIR-protocole%20pec%20patients%20et%20leurs%20contacts%20et%20mises%20%C3%A0%20jour%20des%20d%C3%A9finitions.pdf). This document states on page 2 that cases of COVID-19 can be confirmed by a positive result from either a PCR or antigen test. As such, both PCR and antigen tests are presumably included in the testing figures.The source provides the daily number of cases confirmed and discarded. The mention of 'cases' suggests that people undergoing multiple rounds of testing over the course of the pandemic may be repeatedly counted. However, no further details are provided by the source.From 2 March to 18 May 2020 we used data stored in [this unofficial GitHub repository](https://github.com/RedaElmar/COVID-19_Morocco) instead of the official source to automate data collection. We have cross-checked a sample of the figures reported in the unofficial source against official data reported by the Ministry of Health to ensure accuracy.For more information about how these details may impact the time series, refer to our [FAQ](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#frequently-asked-questions-about-our-covid-19-testing-dataset) on our COVID-19 testing dataset.
NLD
Netherlands - tests performed
2021-12-05
https://data.rivm.nl/covid-19/
Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
553
20653299
1202.655
59927
3.49
88832
5.173
0.246
4.1
Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment
https://www.rivm.nl/coronavirus-covid-19/actueel/wekelijkse-update-epidemiologische-situatie-covid-19-in-nederland
The number of people tested.
The Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment publishes [weekly epidemiological reports](https://www.rivm.nl/coronavirus-covid-19/actueel/wekelijkse-update-epidemiologische-situatie-covid-19-in-nederland) recording the number of people tested ("Aantal geteste personen") in any given week and the positive rate ("% positief") in Table 17 ("Tabel 17: Aantal geteste personen en aantal SARS-CoV-2 positief geteste personen in Nederland, gemeld door laboratoria, per week"). The reports also record the number of tests performed ("Aantal testen met uitslag") during any given week in Table 13 ("Tabel 13: Aantal testen uitgevoerd door de GGD’en, met bekende uitslag"); our testing figures refer to the number of people tested (Tabel 17) because the time series is longer.Our positive rate reflects the official positive rate recorded in Table 17 of the weekly epidemiological reports.There appear to be reporting lags in the weekly reports, such that the reported figures for any given week increase over the following weeks; figures are retrospectively revised once a week with the latest figures as labs report additional results. It is unclear if pending tests are included in the testing figures. The testing figures of up to 54 labs within the country are reported in the dataset. Data are available from the week ending 15 March 2020. PCR and antigen tests are both included in testing figures. On 12 October 2020, the Government of the Netherlands published a [document](https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/kamerstukken/2020/10/14/stand-van-zaken-brief-covid-19/stand-van-zaken-brief-covid-19.pdf), which notes on page 18 that antigen tests ‘can replace the PCR test in certain situations’.These situations are explained in further detail on page 16 of a document providing [Advice on Antigen Testing](https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/rapporten/2020/10/14/advies-antigeensneltesten/advies-antigeensneltesten.pdf): a PCR test is not required for confirmation of a positive result, but it is for a negative result; te document also states on page 7 that antigen 'test results are recorded in a laboratory information system', and so they are included in the weekly epidemiological reports’ figures.For more information about how these details may impact the time series, refer to our [FAQ](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#frequently-asked-questions-about-our-covid-19-testing-dataset) on our COVID-19 testing dataset.
NGA
Nigeria - samples tested
2021-12-05
http://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control
260
3629527
17.169
9060
0.043
0.01
99.1
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control
http://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/
The number of samples tested.
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, on the homepage of the website dedicated to COVID-19, publishes a number of samples tested.No information is given on the geographical scope and number of labs included. It is also unclear whether the reported figures include tests for which the results are pending.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
MKD
North Macedonia - tests performed
2021-12-02
https://koronavirus.gov.mk/
Ministry of Health
436
1473482
707.5
2955
1.419
0.123
8.1
Ministry of Health
https://koronavirus.gov.mk/stat
The number of tests performed.
The Republic of North Macedonia's Ministry of Health publishes COVID-19 updates on [their website](https://koronavirus.gov.mk/stat) and [Google Data Studio](https://datastudio.google.com/embed/u/0/reporting/9f5104d0-12fd-4e16-9a11-993685cfd40f/page/1M), reporting the daily and cumulative number of tests performed, which we use to construct a daily time series. The time series goes back to 30 March 2020. The datasets currently lack descriptions and so many of the details are unclear; we will add further detail as it becomes available.
PAK
Pakistan - tests performed
2021-12-08
http://www.covid.gov.pk/
Government of Pakistan
581
22338650
99.195
44356
0.197
Government of Pakistan
http://www.covid.gov.pk/
The number of tests performed.
The government of Pakistan publishes a [dashboard showing up-to-date national data](http://www.covid.gov.pk/).The figures sometimes shows important 1-day increases due to the inclusion of more labs.In November 2020, [press reports](https://www.dawn.com/news/1589575) noted that "the federal government has directed all the provinces to commence Rapid Antigen Testing (RAT) for diagnosis of COVID-19". However, it is unclear whether antigen tests are/would be included in the counts of confirmed cases and/or tests performed.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
QAT
Qatar - people tested
2021-10-27
https://www.data.gov.qa/pages/dashboard-covid-19-cases-in-qatar/
Qatar Ministry of Public Health
588
2809592
958.734
4616
1.575
5304
1.81
Qatar Open Data Portal
https://www.data.gov.qa/pages/dashboard-covid-19-cases-in-qatar/
The number of people tested.
The Qatar Open Data Portal publishes a daily time series of the cumulative number of tests performed to date. The earliest reported figure that we have been able to find is from 12 March 2020, at which point 5,309 tests had been performed to date.The testing figures reported by the Open Data Portal match the cumulative number of people tested to date reported by the [Qatar Ministry of Public Health](https://covid19.moph.gov.qa/EN/Pages/default.aspx#). But the Ministry of Public Health only provides a snapshot of the cumulative number of people tested as of today, so we use the data provided by the Open Data Portal to construct a daily time series of the cumulative number of people tested each day since 12 March 2020.The daily change in the 'total number of people tested to date' equals the 'number of people tested in the last 24 hours'. This suggests that the cumulative total will repeatedly count people that have undergone more than one round of testing over the course of the pandemic. However no further details were found at either source.It is not clear whether the reported figures include people for which test results are pending.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
RWA
Rwanda - samples tested
2021-12-08
https://gis.rbc.gov.rw/server/rest/services/Hosted/service_b580a3db9319449e82045881f1667b01/FeatureServer/0/query
Rwanda Ministry of Health
492
3578143
269.509
8384
0.631
13992
1.054
Rwanda Ministry of Health
https://www.moh.gov.rw/
The number of samples tested.
The Rwanda Ministry of Health ([@RwandaHealth](https://twitter.com/RwandaHealth)) tweets press releases in English, French, and Kinyarwanda that report the number of samples tested each day. The earliest press release we have found containing testing figures is from 7 April 2020. Between 7 April 2020 and 1 May 2020 (inclusive), the press releases reported the number of samples tested today, but not the cumulative number of samples tested to date. Since 2 May 2020, the press releases have reported the cumulative number of samples tested to date as well as the number of samples tested today. We construct a daily time series since 6 April 2020 of the cumulative number of samples tested to date by subtracting daily tests between 7 April 2020 and 2 May 2020 from the 2 May 2020 cumulative total.As of 6 April 2020, 5,701 samples had been tested to date. It is unclear when the first samples were tested.It is unclear whether the reported figures include tests for which the results are pending.Prior to 17 April 2020, the press releases reported testing figures using the language "samples tested". From 17 April 2020 onwards, the press releases have used the ambiguous language "tests today". We assume that "tests today" still refers to the number of samples tested.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).Since 26 October 2020, we collect this data automatically based on an [ArcGIS dashboard](https://gis.rbc.gov.rw/server/rest/services/Hosted/service_b580a3db9319449e82045881f1667b01/FeatureServer/0/query) that provides a daily snapshot of cumulative tests.
KNA
Saint Kitts and Nevis - people tested
2021-12-06
https://covid19.gov.kn/src/stats2/
Ministry of Health
87
57088
1066.149
113
2.11
79
1.475
0.014
69.1
Ministry of Health
https://covid19.gov.kn/stats2.php
The number of people tested
The Ministry of Health maintains a [table](https://covid19.gov.kn/stats2.php) reporting the number of people tested.
VCT
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - tests performed
2021-12-05
https://www.facebook.com/SVGHEALTH/posts/5113578992035816
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment
20
91320
820.714
109
0.98
0.161
6.2
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment
https://www.facebook.com/SVGHEALTH/
The number of tests performed
The Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment publishes COVID-19 reports on its official [Facebook page](https://www.facebook.com/SVGHEALTH/) reporting the number of tests performed.
SRB
Serbia - people tested
2021-12-07
https://github.com/aleksandar-jovicic/COVID19-Serbia/blob/master/timeseries.csv
Ministry of Health
Made available by Aleksandar Jovičić on Github
650
6911480
1005.811
15843
2.306
13896
2.022
0.126
7.9
Ministry of Health
https://www.zdravlje.gov.rs/sekcija/345852/covid-19.php
The number of people tested.
Reports are published daily by the Serbian Ministry of Health. The data is collected and aggregated by volunteers and [published on GitHub](https://github.com/aleksandar-jovicic/COVID19-Serbia). All labs in Serbia are included.The daily change in the total number of people tested equals the number of people with samples tested since the last daily report. This suggests that the cumulative total will repeatedly count people that have been tested more than once over the course of the pandemic. However no further details could be found at the sources.Our data for this series is sourced from a non-official repository of official data. As explained in our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#do-you-rely-on-any-non-official-sources) we regularly audit the accuracy of this repository against direct official channels. Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
SVN
Slovenia - tests performed
2021-12-07
https://covid-19.sledilnik.org/en/data
National Institute of Public Health, via Sledilnik
657
1977557
951.333
6571
3.161
4885
2.35
0.335
3
National Institute of Public Health, via Sledilnik
https://covid-19.sledilnik.org/en/data
The number of tests performed.
We rely on the API made available by the volunteer-led [Sledilnik.org project](https://covid-19.sledilnik.org/#/), which presents the official data in a helpful website. The data from the National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ) and various public sources is included in database on a daily basis (with history), including the number of tests performed and number of confirmed infections.In February 2021, the governement started using PCR to confirm all antigen tests. For all intents and purposes Slovenia's case definition is therefore defined only by positive PCR results, even if some people are getting screened and found via antigen before they are confirmed with PCR. It thus makes sense to only consider PCR tests in our testing figures and positivity rate — which is also what the government has done in its own communication. We use the [lab-tests API endpoint](https://api.sledilnik.org/api/lab-tests) to collect the number of PCR tests performed on a daily basis, from which we construct a time series. We also calculate a positive rate, based on the 7-day sum of positive tests divided by the 7-day sum of tests performed.
LKA
Sri Lanka - tests performed
2021-12-08
https://www.hpb.health.gov.lk
Sri Lanka Health Promotion Bureau
654
5718217
265.997
7307
0.34
7159
0.333
Sri Lanka Health Promotion Bureau
https://www.hpb.health.gov.lk
The number of tests performed.
The Sri Lankan Health Promotion Bureau provides a time series of the number of PCR tests performed every day since 18 February 2020. This data is available via [the Health Promotion Bureau's API](https://www.hpb.health.gov.lk/en/api-documentation). It is unclear whether the data includes pending test results.
SWE
Sweden - tests performed
2021-11-28
https://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/smittskydd-beredskap/utbrott/aktuella-utbrott/covid-19/statistik-och-analyser/antalet-testade-for-covid-19/
Swedish Public Health Agency
504
33245
3.272
33245
3.272
0.043
23
Sweden Public Health Agency
https://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/smittskydd-beredskap/utbrott/aktuella-utbrott/covid-19/antal-individer-som-har-testats-for-covid-19/
The number of tests performed.
Since July 2020, the Public Health Agency has replaced its previous weekly updates of the number of people tested with the weekly count of tests performed. This data does not allow us to publish any cumulative total, since no data is available on how many tests had been performed prior to the first week of reporting. However, we integrate this data into our "daily tests" time series by dividing each weekly total by 7, thereby estimating the average daily number of tests performed.The source notes that "the number of cases reported in the statistics is based on laboratory-confirmed cases", and the number of tests we collect only includes PCR tests.
TWN
Taiwan - people tested
2021-12-07
https://data.cdc.gov.tw/en/dataset/daily-cases-suspected-sars-cov-2-infection_tested
Taiwan CDC Open Data Portal
691
4583889
192.156
10982
0.46
14389
0.603
0.001
1228.4
Taiwan CDC Open Data Portal
https://data.cdc.gov.tw/en/dataset/daily-cases-suspected-sars-cov-2-infection_tested
The number of people tested.
The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (CDC) publishes a complete time series of the number of cases tested on its open data portal.A technical specialist from the Taiwan CDC confirmed to Our World in Data that "in Taiwan, every notified case tests for SARS-CoV-2. The number of tests performed per notified case relate to the criteria for releasing COVID-19 confirmed cases from isolation, and the disease status of notified cases. There are three reporting portals provided for medical workers and public health workers to report a COVID-19 suspected case: "法定傳染病通報", "居家檢疫送驗", "擴大監測送驗". The number of COVID-19 related tests is the sum of column B(法定傳染病通報), C(居家檢疫送驗), and D(擴大監測送驗)."The Taiwan CDC provides the daily number of cases suspected for SARS-CoV-2 Infection that have been tested. The mention of 'cases suspected' suggests that people undergoing multiple rounds of testing over the course of the pandemic may be repeatedly counted. However, no further details are provided by the source.Note that, due to the way the data is presented by the official source, the time series may be impacted by retrospective revisions made by the source. See our [FAQ here](https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus-testing#does-your-data-reflect-retrospective-updates-made-by-the-source).
THA
Thailand - tests performed
2021-12-03
https://data.go.th/dataset/covid-19-testing-data
Department of Medical Sciences Ministry of Public Health
699
16707362
238.844
41281
0.59
40314
0.576
0.105
9.5
Department of Medical Sciences
https://data.go.th/en/dataset/covid-19-testing-data
The number of tests performed.
The Ministry of Public Health's Department of Medical Sciences publishes a complete time series of tests performed in Thailand. Data is available since January 2020.We use this time series to collect a time series of tests performed in the country.
TLS
Timor - tests performed
2021-10-20
https://covid19.gov.tl/dashboard/
Ministry of Health
24
211166
157.132
227
0.169
0.035
28.4
Ministry of Health
https://covid19.gov.tl/dashboard/
The number of tests performed
The Ministry of Health maintains a [table](https://covid19.gov.tl/en/dashboard/) reporting the number of tests performed.According to a [post](https://www.facebook.com/WHOTL/photos/a.559944391043753/1241068386264680/?type=3) on the WHO's official Facebook page for Timor-Leste, antigen tests can be used to confirm cases of COVID-19.
TTO
Trinidad and Tobago - people tested
2021-10-06
https://www.covid19.gov.tt/trinidad-and-tobago-covid-19-novel-coronavirus-update-869/
Ministry of Health
504
357432
254.695
954
0.68
825
0.588
0.234
4.3
Ministry of Health
https://www.covid19.gov.tt/category/covid-19-updates/
The number of people tested.
The Trinidadian Ministry of Health publishes daily updates on [their official website](https://www.covid19.gov.tt/category/covid-19-updates/) reporting the cumulative number of people tested, which we use to construct a daily time series. The testing figures include repeat testers who get tested multiple times over the course of the pandemic. Negative, positive, and pending results are included. Data is available from 5 May 2020.The PCR test method was originally performed on all samples, according to [CARPHA](https://carpha.org/Portals/0/Documents/Media%20Releases/CARPHA%E2%80%99s%20Role%20in%20COVID-19%20Testing.pdf)) and the [UWI](https://uwi.edu/covid19/sites/covid19/files/TogetherintheCaribbeansfightagainstCOVID-19.pdf). On [31 October 2020](https://www.facebook.com/tttliveonline/videos/3437310316337208), the Health Ministry announced in a media press conference that rapid antigen tests would be distributed "to all health facilities" and could also be used to confirm cases of COVID-19, following verification of the test's [performance](https://www.looptt.com/content/rollout-antigen-tests-soon-says-health-ministry).[Initially](https://www.covid19.gov.tt/trinidad-and-tobago-covid-19-novel-coronavirus-update-166/), testing figures referred only to "samples submitted to the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) and UWI site". On [19 August 2020](https://www.covid19.gov.tt/trinidad-and-tobago-covid-19-novel-coronavirus-update-406/), figures referred to "samples submitted to the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA), the UWI and other local sites". On [21 Dec 2020](https://www.covid19.gov.tt/trinidad-and-tobago-covid-19-novel-coronavirus-update-580/), the testing figures began to include the number of people tested "at both public and private facilities", which corresponded with a large increase in the reported number of people tested. A full list of testing locations is available on the Ministry of Health's [website](http://www.health.gov.tt/sitepages/default.aspx?id=305).

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